The writing process

Photo of two students with notebooksDuring your studies, and also later in your future professional life, writing will play an important part. As a student you will need to write different types of texts with different purposes. Some texts are written only for personal use, e.g. lecture notes or study notes, but often they are meant to be used in communication with other people.

In this writing guide you learn to write texts that are meant to be shared with others. Writing in higher education includes everything from shorter assignments to longer academic reports which can be used for examination of the education or be published publicly.

Academic writing comprises many different text types from reviews or summaries of other people’s texts, to scholarly articles, theses or longer reports. Regardless whether the texts should be argumentative, reflective or exploratory, you should have a critical attitude and express yourself formally, objectively and precisely.

You should follow the writing process when you write, no matter which text type or purpose. The writing process is based on three parts:

  • Prewriting
  • Writing
  • Revising/editing

Prewriting means that you become acquainted with the writing situation and prepare the writing by analyzing the writing task, gathering material and coming up with ideas. The writing begins with formulating a research question, outlining the text, writing a draft and is concluded with your completed text. Once the text is written, the revising and editing of the text begins, to improve and clarify.